The subsequent day, the departing president, Ulysses S. Grant, invited Hayes to the White Home and had him secretly sworn in without the nation knowing, forestalling any last-ditch effort by Tilden or the Democrats to reverse the result and guarding towards any potential violence by aggrieved Southerners. The inauguration was later repeated for the general public, which didn’t know that Hayes had already taken the oath.

After Franklin D. Roosevelt received an unprecedented fourth time period, he opted for a slimmed-down inauguration in deference to the sacrifices of a rustic preventing a world struggle overseas and enduring austerity measures at house — and reflecting his personal failing energy with lower than three months to reside.

Relatively than be sworn in on the Capitol, Roosevelt, his arms trembling and his voice weak, took the oath on the South Portico of the White Home earlier than a comparatively small crowd. The ceremony lasted solely quarter-hour. There was no inaugural parade, no gala ball, only a comparatively perfunctory luncheon. “Canine catchers have taken workplace with extra pomp and ceremony,” the president’s Secret Service chief observed.

Richard M. Nixon took the oath for the primary time in the course of a really totally different international struggle, one with out the favored assist at house. Activists protesting the battle in Vietnam gathered at a number of key factors alongside the route of the inaugural parade whereas troops in uniform stood watch.

Concentrating on Nixon’s passing limousine, the protesters threw rocks, sticks, bottles, cans, firecrackers, smoke bombs, forks, spoons, tomatoes, manure, burning miniature American flags and a paint-filled Christmas decoration. “Two, four, six, eight — organize to smash the state,” they chanted. At one level, protesters tossed a ball of tinfoil that was mistaken for a potential bomb, and Nixon’s driver abruptly sped as much as keep away from it, inflicting the presidential passengers a jolt.

Nixon, who stood up within the open automobile at instances, was unhurt and took little public discover of the disruption as he went on to the remainder of a festive day. However the police arrested 81 individuals, and it was a bitter begin to a tumultuous tenure.