WASHINGTON — The White Home introduced on Friday that President Biden would restrict the variety of refugees allowed into the US this yr to the traditionally low degree set by the Trump administration, reversing an earlier promise to welcome more than 60,000 folks fleeing conflict and persecution.

However the transfer to cap the quantity at 15,000 prompted such a direct backlash from Democrats and human rights activists that the White Home later retreated and promised to announce a ultimate, elevated quantity by Might 15.

The White Home press secretary, Jen Psaki, didn’t specify what number of refugees could be allowed into the nation, however she did say that Mr. Biden’s preliminary aim of welcoming 62,500 appeared “unlikely.”

The wavering confirmed the Biden administration’s battle to seek out its footing because it tries to reverse President Donald J. Trump’s harsh immigration insurance policies amid a record surge of children and teenagers crossing the southwestern border.

“This Biden administration refugee admissions goal is unacceptable,” mentioned Senator Richard J. Durbin, Democrat of Illinois and the chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee. “Dealing with the best refugee disaster in our time, there isn’t a motive to restrict the quantity to fifteen,000. Say it ain’t so, President Joe.”

Unauthorized migrants crossing the border are processed in a different way from refugees, who’re absolutely vetted and accredited for resettlement earlier than arriving. However Mr. Biden was involved that lifting the Trump-era cap on refugees would overwhelm the already-strapped system, in keeping with two senior administration officers who spoke on the situation of anonymity to debate choice making.

Nonetheless, the Biden administration had been promising for months to lift the cap. Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken notified Congress on Feb. 12 that the administration deliberate to permit as much as 62,500 refugees to enter the US within the fiscal yr ending Sept. 30, citing “grave humanitarian issues” around the globe.

However for 2 months, Mr. Biden didn’t signal a presidential willpower that may have allowed refugees to board flights to America.

Sustaining the Trump-era admissions degree of 15,000 leaves 1000’s of refugees stranded in camps in locations like Kenya, Tanzania and Jordan. Roughly 33,000 refugees have already been vetted and are ready to journey to the US.

Jenny Yang, the vp for advocacy and coverage at World Aid, a resettlement company affiliated with evangelical Christians, mentioned “the stroll again” from Mr. Biden to lift the cap “doesn’t change the fact” that, for now, the traditionally low cap stays in place.

“The president broke his promise as soon as,” Ms. Yang mentioned, “and at this level, he must again up his statements with concrete actions that may really begin to rebuild the refugee program once more.”

The directive on Friday did embody some modifications to the Trump-era program, which gave precedence to Iraqis who had labored for the US army and to folks, primarily Christians, who’re going through non secular persecution. It additionally disqualified most other Muslim and African refugees.

Mr. Biden is altering that by permitting in refugees based mostly on the area they’re fleeing. The carved-out slots embody room for 7,000 Africans; 1,000 East Asians; 1,500 Europeans and Central Asians; and three,000 Latin Individuals and Caribbeans. It additionally contains 1,500 openings for these from the Close to East and South Asia, and one other 1,000 that aren’t linked to a selected area.

Ms. Psaki mentioned the administration couldn’t increase the cap as shortly because it needed due to the “decimated refugee admissions program we inherited.” Administration officers have described a frightening activity to resurrect that program.

Refugee officers were reassigned from posts abroad that had been shuttered, and their journey has been restricted through the pandemic. And resettlement offices in the United States were forced to close due to monetary constraints from the cuts to refugee admissions.

“America must rebuild our refugee resettlement program,” mentioned Jake Sullivan, the nationwide safety adviser, who mentioned the administration would fill all 15,000 slots “and work with Congress on growing admissions and constructing again numbers to which we’ve dedicated.”

However the modifications to this system, and any potential rise in admissions subsequent month, could be too late for some refugees who had ready to journey to the US this month after the administration made its preliminary dedication.

Asende Ecasa, 33, packed her belongings and left the Nyarugusu refugee camp in Tanzania final month anticipating to reach in the US on March 4. After Mr. Biden delayed the admissions designation, Ms. Ecasa’s flight was canceled. The medical screening she bought to make sure her journey has expired.

Her cousin Alex Majaliwa, who lives in Grand Rapids, Mich., now has no concept when Ms. Ecasa shall be allowed into the nation.

“If attainable, the president can actually hear our struggling as a result of we wish to come to the nation to seek out our life, to enhance our lives,” Mr. Majaliwa mentioned. It took him years to be accredited for resettlement in America.

However Biden administration officers, making an attempt to elucidate the delay in elevating admissions, mentioned the 1000’s of unaccompanied minors who’ve crossed the border in latest weeks performed a job within the president’s choice to depart the cap in place as a result of the surge compelled officers to dedicate sources to discovering shelter area all through the US.

That logic was additionally utilized by the Trump administration to sharply reduce refugee numbers, despite the fact that it’s not fairly so easy.

The argument additionally appeared to undercut feedback made by Ms. Psaki earlier this month. Requested at a information briefing if the delay within the designation had something to do with sources going towards the border, she mentioned: “It’s not associated to that. No.”

Whereas the Division of Well being and Human Companies’s Workplace of Refugee Resettlement does play a job in responding to minors on the border and refugees abroad, the 2 immigrant populations are processed via separate lanes.

“These are two fully distinct pathways and packages,” mentioned Krish O’Mara Vignarajah, the chief government of Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Service. “America has at all times been in a position to stroll and chew gum.”

Refugees obtain government-funded help for housing, well being care and job placement on arrival in communities round the US. For minors who cross the border unaccompanied, the federal government individually funds momentary housing in shelters, the place they need to stay till their guardians have been screened.

The administration this month notified Congress of plans to maneuver about $1.3 billion from different packages within the Division of Well being and Human Companies towards efforts for unaccompanied youngsters, in keeping with an individual accustomed to the discover, who disclosed it on the situation of anonymity.

Minors who enter the US are entitled to request asylum and have to be positioned in a shelter managed by the Division of Well being and Human Companies, whereas refugees usually are not allowed to enter the nation till they’ve handed a number of ranges of vetting by the Departments of State and Homeland Safety.

Members of Congress and immigration advocates criticized Mr. Biden’s selections on Friday.

“President Biden has damaged his promise to revive our humanity,” mentioned Consultant Pramila Jayapal, Democrat of Washington. “We can not flip our again on refugees around the globe.”

Nazanin Ash, the vp of coverage and advocacy for the Worldwide Rescue Committee, mentioned suspending a rise within the cap had real-life penalties.

“That is introducing dangerous delays and confusion for refugees who stay in susceptible conditions and wish to reunify with their households,” Ms. Ash mentioned.

Christelle Igihozo, a school pupil in Boise, Idaho, arrived in the US in 2018, having fled the Republic of Congo along with her mom and 4 siblings when she was a toddler.

Working as a resettlement assistant on the Worldwide Rescue Committee’s department in Boise, she mentioned on Friday that she dreaded telling households nonetheless awaiting family members that it might take longer for them to reach.

“That is actually irritating and heartbreaking,” Ms. Igihozo mentioned. “Biden had promised the numbers would enhance.”

Zolan Kanno-Youngs reported from Washington, and Miriam Jordan from Los Angeles. Emily Cochrane contributed reporting from Washington.